ARARI

ARARI

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Field Day on Chickpea Held

Adet Agricultural Research Center jointly with Enemay Woreda Agricultural Development Office conducted a field day on chickpea demonstration, pre-scaling up and community seed multiplication research activities on 31 December 2017 at Mankorkoria and Endeshegnt Kebeles of Enemay Woreda. The activities and the field day have been financed by International Center for Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA), United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and Agricultural Growth Program II (AGP II). The field day was attended by participants from East Gojam Zone Department of Agriculture, Enemy Woreda Administration, Enemay Woreda Agricultural Development Office, Enemay Woreda Cooperatives Promotion Office, Ghion Union, Debre Markos University, Amhara Agricultural Research Institute (ARARI), Adet Agricultural Research Center, and AGP II Research Coordination Unit. A large number of farmers have also attended the field day.

During the field day, the effort made by Adet Agricultural Research Center in conducting chickpea demonstration, pre-scaling up and community seed multiplication activities was highly acknowledged. Chick pea production and coverage in the area has been declining over-the-years because of disease, pest and use of poor variety and thus these activities are assumed to contribute a lot towards increased coverage and production of the crop in the woreda.

Ninety seven hectares of land in the woreda has been covered by Arerti variety which was found to be the most adaptable and productive among 6 chickpea varieties tested earlier. During the event, it was pointed out that the seeds of the variety are big in size, white in color and are sweet as compared to other varieties. Cognizant of this, the adoption and the demand for the technology has been increasing since the past two or three years.

Finally, the need for collaboration among stakeholders, the vitality of seed purity, the essentiality of being genuine, modern and competitive farmers, the need to establish seed producer cooperatives, the decisiveness of scaling up of the technology across the administrative zone by the extension and the importance implementing all technology packages and recommendations so as to exploit the potential of the variety was raised and discussed.

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Trainings, Experience Sharing Visits and Workshop Held

As part of the capacity building initiatives of the Amhara Agricultural Research Institute (ARARI), trainings were given to researchers working in the research centers located in Agricultural Growth Program II (AGP II) woredas. The topics of the trainings covered FREG approach and digital audiovisual international application (for 30 social science researchers from 8-9/8/2017); social network analysis and innovation system by using “Gephi” software application (for 31 social science researchers from 1-5/01/2018); tissue culture consisting of topics such as general laboratory management, sanitary practices and ethical principles, major laboratory equipments and their uses, media preparation and multiplication techniques, disease surveillance, data collection in the greenhouse and tissue culture, etc. (for 11 greenhouse and tissue culture attendants from 18-25/12/2017); designing effective livestock breeding programs and models; breeding value estimation using WOMBAT software; selecting mating design using ZPLAN software; Evaluation of genetic progress and heritability estimation for single and multiple traits; huge data recording, management and analysis modalities for CBBP; carcass evaluation, meat processing and grading, value addition and laboratory analysis; implementation of animal feeding and digestibility trails (chemical treatments, digestibility determination); laboratory sample feed analysis (nutrition laboratory); animal feed processing technology; forage research and procedure on forage variety release; TECHFIT and FEAST; forage breeding; forage disease identification and all livestock related trainings were given for 38 participants. Likewise, two technical directors have been on experience sharing visits at Kulumsa, Debrezeit and Ambo on seed technology multiplication; pathology and entomology for 10 and 5 days respectively.

Trainings on tomato, onion and watermelon production and multiplication for 140 farmers and agricultural experts; covered smut (sphacelotheca sorghi clint) identification and management of sorghum for 43 woreda experts and DAs; improved chicken management for 18 woreda experts, DAs and farmers were given.

Similarly, training had been given to Procurement, Finance and Property Management experts from the head quarter, research centers and regional research coordination unit.

All the above mentioned trainings were offered to the trainees in various disciplines of agricultural research and/or agricultural development with the financial support of Agricultural Growth Program II (AGP II).

Last but not least, AGP II Research Coordination Unit in collaboration with ARARI organized a one day workshop that discussed on production system analysis with the attendance of over 50 participants representing different stakeholders and partners.

worshop

 
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ICARDA Workshop Held

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

The International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA) held a workshop for two days from December 21-22, 2017 with the attendance of ANRS Heads of Bureau of Agriculture; Development Agents; Farmers and Scientists from Austria, Jordan and Ethiopia to evaluate the project that has been executed in four woredas of East Gojjam Zone in collaboration with the Amhara Agricultural Research Institute (ARARI), ANRS Bureau of Agriculture (BOA) and Boku University of Austria.

In his well coming speech, Dr. Birru Yitaferu, Director General of ARARI pointed out that the institute has been working closely and effectively with ICARDA in the areas of capacity building; enhancement of productivity of the rain-fed agriculture; land, water and livestock management; improvement of crop varieties such as wheat, barley and pulses. According to the Director General, ARARI has continued its collaborative research on improving the extension approach that will have noticeable repercussion on economic growth of the region as well as the country. The Director General further emphasized that the collaboration ARARI has with the CG- centers such as ICARDA and other international institutions is getting stronger and stronger. Finally, Dr. Birru expressed his belief that the joint project “Improvement of the Extension System for Wider Adoption of Technologies” will be successfully completed and scaled up thereof.

Ato Aytenew Endeshaw, Deputy Head of ANRS Bureau of Agriculture, in his opening speech accentuated that the extension system in our country is one of the most important tools that we use in order to transform our smallholder agriculture from its current state of underdeveloped, low productivity and subsistent nature to sustainable, productive and commercial agriculture. To this end, the country has established an elaborate extension service with 21 extension agents per 10,000 farmers. With this number of DAs in the field, Ethiopia has one of the highest DA-farmer ratios in the world. In Amhara region alone, we have over 26,000 extension personnel serving about 3.6 million farmers. In every kebele, we have Farmers' Training Centers (FTCs) and there are a number of Agricultural Technical and Vocational Training Centers (ATVTs).

Despite its size and density, the extension system is not as effective as it is expected to be. Still the vast majority of our farmers are not using improved agricultural practices that could improve yields and increase farmers’ participation in the market. The proportion of farmers using full recommended technology packages does not exceed 25%. This shows that although, we have come a long way in improving agricultural productivity in the country in the last two decades, we still have a long way to go. Many of our FTCs are not well equipped with the necessary facilities, demonstration plots and trainers. The extension personnel also lack skills relevant for enhancing farmer innovation and the transfer of scientific knowledge. The linkage among the various actors in the agricultural sector is also not as strong as it should be. Lastly, the Deputy Bureau Head mentioned that the project being implemented by ARARI-ICARDA-BoKu and the BoA is very important to bring viable alternative options that would make our extension service more robust and responsive to emerging challenges such as climate change and opportunities such as increased global, regional and local market integrations.

Dr.Tilaye Teklewold, the project coordinator, on his part stated that the 3 years project entitled “Improving the Extension System for Wider Adoption of Technologies” has been implemented collaboratively by four stakeholders and partners since 2017. The objectives are to design effective and inclusive extension and credit service delivery system; to develop and test different extension and change agent profile including relevant capacities and skills for process facilitation particularly for multi-stakeholders process. The expected outputs on the other hand are:

  1. .Review of the existing extension system: institutions system and approaches relevant to agricultural technology promotion and extension reviewed.
  2. .Innovation technology packages including user friendly, inclusive and low risk credit delivery system designed based on review.
  3. .Development of alternative extension model: at least 3 inclusive and effective models of extension and credit service delivery system developed and tested.
  4. .DA profile: increase capacity of DAs
  5. .Policy advise

Finally, the project coordinator talked about the activities that have been done within short life of the project; Inter alia,

  • preparation of training materials such as crop (wheat, tef, maize and pulse); livestock (feeds and nutrition, breed improvement); soil (conservation and fertility maintenance and enhancement); communication for development (from teacher to coach)
  • Training given for development agents and SMS
  • Manual being prepared for publication
  • Data have been collected on inputs and outputs
  • Completely randomized social experiment has been conducted
  • Wheat (kingbird variety) was used as a test crop

Participant farmers and development agents were invited to give their testimony about the ongoing project and thus farmers from Machakel, Basoliben and Debre Elias affirmed that the wheat variety (Kingbird) used for the experiment is resistant to termites and yellow rust; its leaves are wider than many other varieties and has better panicle length. They also pointed out that Kekeba variety which has been used widely in the woredas is susceptible to disease and pest attack and hence its productivity has been declining year after year.

Farmers underlined that the introduction of the variety (Kingbird) in the areas broadened the options of model farmers and also created an opportunity for farmers who have never ever used improved varieties to be conversant to the technology. The effort made by agricultural experts so as to convince farmers to be embraced by the project and the continuous support that has been given to them throughout the experimental period have made them to be successful. Some of the participants have regretted for failing to take 50 Kg of seed after seeing the astonishing performance of the variety.   Finally, representative farmers from the woredas accentuated that the community were very glad as they participated and learnt practically what has been said theoretically from the demonstration plots conducted on non model farmers.

 

Development agents, on the other hand, witnessed that the training offered to them for 6 days in Debre Markos has helped them how to carry out their extension service. The training given on communication (from teacher to coach) in the form of drama satisfied them more than ever and helped them a lot to deal with farmers. Moreover, the extension agents mentioned many points as the strong side of the project; among which: the goodness of the variety; its tillering capacity; the variety’s capacity to resist diseases better than Kekeba; availability of budget for undertaking demonstration; provision of credit for seed; the M & E given across all the domain areas better than the previous years. On the contrary, the resistance of few farmers from using full recommendation package; suspicion on the technology; production (productivity) difference among farmers; disinterest to take part in demonstration field days organized on plots of non progressive farmers were some of the problems encountered while executing the project.

DA participants were asked if they prefer to be Specialized DAs or Generalist DAs. They preferred to be a Generalist DA than a Specialized DA for many logical reasons such as: farmers get tired and bored when development agents interchangeably tried to deal with them; there would be wastage of time; requires a large number of extension staff (employees). The participants also confirmed that so long as uninterrupted and additional trainings are given and the DAs are well capacitated, it is better to provide the extension service by a generalist DA than by a specialized DA. This may help to strengthen the relationship with the farmers and build trust and confidence among each other.

Subsequent to evaluation of the project by Woreda Agricultural Extension SMS and ARARI Socioeconomics and Extension Acting Director, three groups were formulated and discussed on the following themes: what needs to be improved in the treatment related to “extension service delivery system” to make it more effective; what other alternative models need to be tested? ; What innovative technology packages for moist mid-altitude wheat based mixed farming systems are there? ; What needs to be changed and improved related to the experiment on extension agents’ profile, self-esteem, motivation and competence? ; What are effective ways for developing mechanisms for more effective dissemination of project results among policy makers and relevant institutions?

Finally, the two days workshop was winded up after all the groups presented their findings and questions, answers and comments were entertained.

icarda

 
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Acquacrop Training Given

As part of capacity building program of the institute, the Soil and Water Directorate under the Amhara Agricultural Research Institute offered AcquaCrop Simulation Model Training for irrigation and drainage researchers from 28/03-01/04/2010 E.C. The trainees were drawn from research centers like Gonder, Adet, Sekota, Sirinka and D/Birhan research centers. The researchers were trained on need for AcquaCrop, Practical Applications, Calculation Scheme of AquaCrop, Input Requirements, Water Productivity, Irrigation Management, Field Management, Climate Change, Evaluation of Simulations and more other topics were covered. The institute is thankful to AGP (II) coordination unit for covering some of the cost of the training.

 

End Gender Based Violence / White Ribbon Day Celebrated

The Amhara Agricultural Research Institute workers celebrated the 8th regional white ribbon day with a motto of "Strengthening men’s partnership to prevent and put an end to violence against women" on Friday 22/03/2010 E.C at the meeting hall of the institute. The day was celebrated by a panel discussion which was presented by the Public Relation Directorate Director Mr. Mulugeta Alemayehu. During the panel discussion issues like historical background of white ribbon; the aim of celebrating the day for 16 consecutive days; places where gender violence are committed; types and causes of gender based violence (GBV); problems resulting from GBV(health, social, economic, psychological); societal problems emanating from GBV; the challenges faced to prevent violence against women; the relationship between GBV and human right; harmful traditional practices and violence committed against women and children; the importance of creating synergy and cooperation to fight against GBV; activities done and achievements made so far with respect to GBV were briefly presented by the presenter.

Following the presentation, questions were raised by the participants among others what is the difference between white and red ribbon? Are they similar or different? Since there is no an equivalent punishment for persons who made violence against women so how could we prevent somebody from doing it? GBV is contributing more for the prevalence of HIV/ AIDS; why the punishment should not be rigorous to deter others from committing the same crime? People can have access to different sex videos that provoke GBV because of technological advancement hence how can we prevent this generation from offensive acts? Gender violence is mostly practiced in the rural parts of the country, thus do farmers get such kind of training to have the awareness to protect themselves from GBV and to refrain from committing it against others? Other similar questions were raised and answered both by the presenter and the discussant Dr. Birru Yitaferu, Director General of the Institute.

The Director General summarized the presentation in such a way that   GBV is a problem of all societies and hence being members of the society we need to give attention to protect the potential victims and eliminate the problem by ensuring gender equality in the region as well as in the country.  

Nations Nationalities and Peoples Day Celebrated

The Amhara Agricultural Research Institute workers celebrated the nations nationalities and peoples day on Tuesday December 5, 2010 E.C at the conference hall of the institute. The day was celebrated by a panel discussion which was presented by the Public Relation Directorate Director Ato Mulugeta Alemayehu. During the panel discussion issues like Multi-nationalism and Democracy; Multi-nationalism Nations and Patriotism; Political Multi-nationalism and the Role of Economically Empowered Countries; Multi-nationalism and Federalism; Democratic Nationalism and Federalism; Basic Challenges of Democratic Nationalism and the Federal System; Multi-nationalism and Nation Building; Multi-nationalism and Experiences of different Countries and other topics were presented and discussed.

eer

 

Last Updated ( Thursday, 18 January 2018 14:11 )
 
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የዓለምአቀፍ ደረቃማ አካባቢዎች ግብርና ምርምር ማዕከል (ICARDA) ከአማራ ግብርና ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት፤  እና ከኦስትሪያ ቦኩ ዩኒቨርሲቲ ጋር በጋራ  በመስራቅ ጎጃም ዞን አራት ወረዳዎች “ለላቀ የቴክኖሎጅ ስርጸት የግብርና ኤክስቴንሽን ስርዓቱን መሻሻል” በሚል ሲተገብረው የቆየውን ፕሮጀክት ለመገምገም የግብርና ቢሮ ኃላፊዎች፣ ከውጭ እና ከአገር ውስጥ የመጡ ታላለቅ ሳይንቲስቶች፣ የልማት ጣቢያ ሰራተኞችና አርሶአደሮች በተገኙበት ለ2 ቀናት ከታህሳስ 12-13 አውደጥናት ማካሄዱን የኢንስቲትዩቱ የህዝብ ግንኙነት ዳይሬክቶሬት አስታወቀ፡፡

የአማራ ግብርና ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት ዋና ዳይሬክተር ዶ/ር ብሩ ይታፈሩ በእንኳን ደህና መጣችሁ ንግግራቸው  የዓለምአቀፍ የደረቃማ አካባቢዎች ግብርና ምርምር ማዕከል ከኢንስቲትዩቱ ጋር በመኸር ወቅት በሰብል ዝርያዎች ማሻሻል በተለይም በስንዴ፣ በገብስ እና በጥራጥሬ ዝርያ ልማት፤ በተፈጥሮ ሃብት አያያዝ/በመሬትና በውሃ አያያዝና አጠቃቀም፤ በማህበራዊ ምጣኔ ሃብት እንዲሁም በእንስሳት ዝርያ ማሻሻል ዙሪያ በጉማራ ማክሰኝት ተፋሰስ ለረጅም ጊዜ በቅርበትና በውጤታማነት ሲሰራ መቆየቱን አወስተው በአሁኑ ጊዜ ደግሞ ቀደም ሲል የተጀመረው አጋርነት ቀጥሎ የኤክስቴንሽን አካሄዱን ሊያሻሽል የሚችል የምርምር ስራ እየተካሄደ ሲሆን ፕሮጀክቱ ሲጠናቀቅ ውጤቱ በክልልም ሆነ በአገር ደረጃ ሊሰፋ እንደሚችል ያለቸውን ጽኑ እምነት ገልፀዋል፡፡

የግብርና ቢሮ ምክትል ሃላፊ የሆኑት አቶ አይተነው እንደሻው በመክፈቻ ንግግራቸው የአነስተኛ አርሶአደሮችን ግብርና አሁን ካለበት ኋላቀርነት፣ ዝቅተኛ የምርታማነት ደረጃና ከእጅ ወደ አፍ ከሆነ ገጽታው  ወደ ዘላቂ፣ ምርታማ እና ለትርፍ የሚሰራ ወደ ሆነ ግብርና ለማሸጋገር እጅግ ጠቀሜታ ካላቸው መሳሪያዎች ውስጥ አንዱ የኤክስቴንሽን ስርዓቱ ነው፡፡ በዚህም ረገድ አገሪቱ 21 የኤክስቴንሽን ኤጀንቶችን ለ10000 አርሶአደሮች በመመደብ ጠንካራ የኤክስቴንሽን አገልግሎት አዋቅራለች፡፡ በዚህ የልማት ጣቢያ ሰራተኞች ቁጥር ኢትዮጵያ በዓለም ላይ ከፍተኛ የልማት ጣቢያ አርሶአደር ጥምርታ ካላቸው አገሮች አንዷ መሆን ችላለች፤ በአማራ ክልል ብቻ ወደ 3.6 ሚሊዮን የሚደርሱ የአርሶአደር ቤተሰቦችን የሚያገለግሉ ከ26000 በላይ የኤክስቴንሽን ባለሙያዎች አሉ፡፡ በእያንዳንዱ ቀበሌ የአርሶአደሮች ማሰልጠኛ ማዕካላት አሉን፤ በተጨማሪም ብዛት ያላቸው የግብርና ቴክኒክ እና ሙያ ማሰልጠኛ ማዕከላት ይገኛሉ ሲሉ ገልጸዋል፡፡ ይሁንና የኤክስቴንሽን ስርዓቱ የሚጠበቀውን ያህል ውጤታማ አይደለም፡፡ አሁንም አብላጫ ቁጥር ያላቸው አርሶአደሮች ምርታቸውን እንዲያሻሽሉ እና በገበያ ያላቸውን ተሳትፎ እንዲያሳድጉ የሚያስችሏቸውን የተሻሻሉ የግብርና አሰራሮች እየተጠቀሙ አይደለም፤ ሙሉ የተመከሩ የቴክኖሎጅ ፓኬጆችን የሚጠቀሙ አርሶአደሮች ቁጥር ከ25% አያልፍም፡፡ ይህ የሚያሳየው ምንም እንኳን ባለፉት ሁለት አሰርተ ዓመታት በአገሪቱ የግብርና ምርታማነትን ለማሳደግ ረጅም ርቀት የተጓዝን ቢሆንም አሁንም መጓዝ ያለብን ረጅም ጉዞ አለ፤ ብዙዎች የአርሶአደር ማሰልጠኛ ማዕከላት በአስፈላጊ ቁሳቁሶችና አገልግሎቶች፣ በሰርቶ ማሳያ የሙከራ ቦታዎች እና በአሰልጣኞች በደንብ የተደራጁ አይደሉም፤ የኤክስቴንሽን ባለሙያዎችም የአርሶአደሮችን አዳዲስ አሰራሮችን የመፍጠር እና ሳይንሳዊ  ዕውቀትን ወደተግባር የማሸጋገር አቅማቸውን ለማሳደግ የሚያስችል ተገቢው ልምድ የላቸውም፤ በተጨማሪም በግብርና ዘርፉ ውስጥ ድርሻ ያላቸው በርካታ  አካላት መካከል ያለው ግንኙነት በሚፈለገው ደረጃ ጠንካራ አይደለም፡፡ ስለሆነም ይህ በዋናነት በአራት አካላት እየተተገበረ ያለው ፕሮጀክት (በዓለምአቀፍ የደረቃማ አከባቢዎች ግብርና ምርምር ማዕከል፣ በአማራ ግብርና ምርምር ኢንስቲትዩት፣ በግብርና ቢሮ እና ቦኩ ዩኒቨርሲቲ) የኤክስቴንሽን አገልግሎቱ ከአየር ንብረት ለውጥ ጋር ተያይዘው ለሚመጡ አዳዲስ ተግዳሮቶች እና መልካም አጋጣሚዎች (ምሳሌ ዓለምአቀፋዊ፣ቀጣናዊ እና አካባቢያዊ የገበያ ትስስሮች) የበለጠ ተጠናክሮ ምላሽ የሚሰጥ እንዲሆን ዘላቂ አማራጭ መፍትሄዎችን በማምጣት ረገድ ከፍተኛ ጠቀሜታ አለው ሲሉ በመክፈቻ ንግግራቸው አጽንኦት ሰጥተው መናገራቸውን የኢንስቲትዩቱ የህዝብ ግንኙነት ዳይሬክቶሬት አስታውቋል፡፡

የፕሮጀክቱ አሰተባበሪ የሆኑት ዶ/ር ጥላዬ ተክለወልድ በበኩላቸው “ለላቀ የቴክኖሎጅ ስርጸት የኤክስቴንሽን ስርዓቱን ማሻሻል” ፕሮጀክት በአራት ባለድርሻና አጋር አካላት የሚካሄድ ፤ለ3 ዓመት የሚቆይ ፕሮጀክት መሆኑን ጠቁመው ዓላማዎቹም ውጤታማና አካታች የኤክስቴንሽን እና የብድር አገልግሎት አቅርቦት ስርዓትን መንድፍ፤ የተለያዩ አዳዲስ የኤክስቴንሽን አካሄዶችን/አቀራረቦችን መፍጠርና መፈተሸ እንዲሁም የለውጥ ሃዋሪያ የሆኑትን የልማት ጣቢያ ሰራተኞች አቅም መገንባት ነው ሲሉ አስረድተዋል፡፡  አያይዘውም ያለውን የኤክስቴንሽን ስርዓት መገምገም፤ በሚደረገው ግምገማ ላይ በመመስረት ለአጠቃቀም ምቹ የሆኑ የቴክኖሎጅ ፓኬጆችን ማውጣት እንዲሁም አካታችና ዝቅተኛ ስጋት ያለው የብድር አቅርቦት ስርዓት መቀየስ፤ ቢያንስ 3 አካታችና ውጤታማ የኤከስቴንሽንና የብድር አገልግሎት አቅርቦት ስርዓት መፍጠርና መፈተሸ፤ የልማት ጣቢያ ሰራተኞችን አቅም ማሳደግ እና የፖሊሲ ምክረሃሳቦችን ማውጣት ከፕሮጀክቱ የሚጠበቁ ውጤቶች እንደሆኑ አስገንዝበዋል፡፡ በመጨረሻም የፕሮጀክቱ አስተባበሪ በ2010 ዓ.ም የተሰሩ ስራዎችንና የተገኙ ውጤቶችን ለታዳሚዎች ካቀረቡ በኋላ አርሶአደሮችና የልማት ጣቢያ ሰራተኞች  ስለፕሮጀክቱ ያለቸውን አስተያየት እንዲሰጡ ተጋብዘዋል፡፡ በዚህም መሰረት  ከማቻከል፣ ከባሶሊበንና ከደብረኤሊያስ የመጡት አርሶአደሮች በምርምሩ ስራ ውስጥ ጥቅም ላይ የዋለው ኪንግበርድ የተባለው የስንዴ ዝርያ ከሌሎቹ የስንዴ ዝርያዎች ሁሉ ምስጥን እና ቢጫ ዋግን የመቋቋም ችሎታ አለው፣ ቅጠሉ ሰፋፊ ነው፣ የተሸለ ዛላ አለው፤  ቀደም ሲል ስናመርተው የነበረው ቀቀባ በበሽታና በምስጥ የሚጠቃ በመሆኑ/እየሰለቸ ስለመጣ ምርታማነቱም እየቀነሰ ነው እናም ዝርያው ወደአካባቢያችን መምጣቱ አማራጭ እንዲኖረን አስችሎናል፤ አንዳንዶቻችን ከዚህ በፊት ቴክኖሎጅ የማንጠቀም ነበርን አሁን ባለሙያዎች በዚህ ፕሮጀክት እንድንሳተፍ የማሳመን ጥረታቸው፣ ያደረጉልን ድጋፍና ክትትል ከፍተኛ ስለነበር ውጤታማ ሆነናል፤ አንዳንዶቻችን አበቃቀሉን ካየን በኋላ ምነው 25 ኪሎግራም ከመውሰድ ይልቅ 50 ኪሎግራም ብንወስድ ኖሮ ብለናል፤ የሰርቶ ማሳያዎች ሞዴል ባልሆኑት አርሶአደሮች ማሳ ላይ በመካሄዱ ህብረተሰቡ ተሳትፏል፣ በንድፈሃሳብ የሚነገረውን ሄዶ በተግባር በማየቱ  ረክቷል፤ ቴክኖሎጅውን ተቀብሎ ለመተግበር ዝግጁ ነው ብለዋል፡፡

የልማት ጣቢያ ሰራተኞችም በሙከራው ላይ አስተያየታቸውን ሰጥተዋል፡፡  ደ/ማርቆስ ላይ ለ6 ቀናት የተሰጠን ስልጠና ለስራችን እጅግ ጠቅሞናል በተለይም የኤክስቴንሽን ስራችንን እንዴት መስራት እንዳለብን፣ አርሶአደሮችን እንዴት መቅረብ እንዳለብን በኤክስቴንሽን ስራ ላይ በድራማ ተደግፎ የተሰጠን ስልጠና ከመቸውም በላይ ትምህርት ያገኘንበት ነው፤ አርሶአደሮች (ባሶሊበን) ከመጠን በላይ ማዳበሪያ የመጠቀም (ኤንፒኤስና ዩሪያ) ፍላጎት የነበራቸው ቢሆንም ይሄን ማስተካከል ችለናል፤ ዝርያው ጥሩ መሆኑን፤ ብዙ የመውለድ አቅም ያለው መሆኑ፤ ዝርያው ከቀቀባ የተሻለ በሽታ የመቋቋም አቅም እንዳለው፤ ሰርቶ ማሳያ ለማካሄድ የዘር አቅርቦትና ብድር መመቻቸቱ የፕሮጀክቱ ጥንካራ ጎን መሆኑን፤ በሁሉም ቦታዎች የነበረው የድጋፍና ክትትል ስራ ከዚህ ቀደም ከነበረው የተሸለ እንደነበረ፤ ይሁንና የጥቂት አርሶአደሮች ሙሉ ፓኬጅ አለመጠቀም፣ መጠራጠር ችግር አልፎ አልፎ ተከስቷል፤ ከምርታማነት ጋር ተያይዞ ከአርሶአደር አርሶአደር ልዩነት መመዝገቡ፤ ሞዴል ካልሆኑ አርሶአደሮች ላይ በሚካሄደው ሰርቶ ማሳያ ብዙ አርሶአደሮች ለመሳተፍ ያለመፈለግ (የትኛውን ስራ ሰርተውት ነው የማለት)፤ በእርግጥ ሞዴል አርሶአደሮች ላይ ስራው ተሰርቶ ቢሆን ኑሮ በአጭር ጊዜ ውስጥ ለውጥ እናመጣ ነበር፣ ቀደም ሲል ተሞክሮ ስላላቸው ሞዴል ባልሆኑ ሰዎች ከተመዘገበው ምርት በላይ ማግኘት ይቻል ነበር፤ የአንድ የሙያ ዘርፍ የልማት ጣቢያ ባለሙያ (Specialized DA) ከመሆን ይልቅ ሁለገብ የልማት ጣቢያ ባለሙያ (Generalist DA) መሆን የተሻለ እንደሆነ፤ ባለሙያዎች እየተቀያየሩ ሲያስተምሩ በአርሶአደሮች የመሰለቸት ባህሪ የሚፈጥር ከመሆኑም በላይ ጊዜ ይባክናል፣ ብዙ ባለሙያ ያስፈልጋል፡፡ ተከታታይና ተጨማሪ ስልጠና እየሰጡ የልማት ጣቢያ ባለሙያውን ብቁ ማድረግ እስከተቻለ ድረስ ኤክስቴንሽን አገልግሎቱን በሁለገብ የልማት ጣቢያ ባለሙያ (Generalist DA) መስጠቱ ከአርሶአደሮች ጋር የሚኖርን ግንኙነት ስለሚያጠናክር ተመራጭ ነው የሚሉ አሰተያየቶች ከባሶሊበን፣ ደብረኤሊያስና ማቻከል በመጡ የልማት ጣቢያ ባለሙያዎች ተሰጥተዋል፡፡ በመጨረሻም የኤክስቴንሽን አገልግሎት አሰጣጥ ስርዓቱን ለማሻሻል በተጠኝው ላይ ምን ሊሻሻል የሚገባ ነገር አለ? ይህን ስርዓት የበለጠ ውጤታማ ለማድረግ  ምን ሌሎች አማራጭ ሞዴሎችን መፈተሸ ያስፈልጋል? ለእርጥበታማና መካከለኛ ከፍታ ላላቸው የስንዴ አብቃይ የጥምር ግብርና አካባቢዎች ምን ዓይነት ሌሎች አዳዲስ የቴክኖሎጅ ፓኬጆች አሉ? በሙከራው ውስጥ ከኤክስቴንሽን ባለሙያዎች አቅም፣ በራስ መተማመን፣ ተነሳሽነት እና ተወዳደሪነት ጋር ተያይዞ ምን መለወጥና መሻሻል አለበት?  የፕሮጀክቱን ውጤት ለፖሊሲ አውጭዎች የበለጠ ውጤታማ በሆነ አግባብ ለማድረስ የሚያስችሉ ስልቶችን ለመቀየስ ምን ዓይነት ውጤታማ መንገዶች አሉ?  በሚሉት ዙሪያ ተሳታፊዎች በ3 ቡድኖች ተከፋፍለው ውይይት ካደረጉና የደረሱበትን ውጤት ካቀረቡ በኋላ የሁለቱ ቀን ስብሰባ ተጠናቋል፡፡

 
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